At Edmond Norman Foot & Ankle we see patients with a wide variety of toe deformities. Conditions such as hammertoe, claw toe, bunions, overlapping or underlapping toes occur when there is a malfunction in one or more of the joints of a toe or toes. The joint moves out of its normal position and subsequently causes the toe to take on a different shape or move into an abnormal location causing a deformity. Common causes of toe deformities include:
- Repetitive stress
- Ill-fitting footwear
- Faulty foot mechanics or structural issues
The problem with toe deformities is twofold: first, the position of the toe being unnatural usually causes pain and eventually difficulty walking. Second, most toe deformities make it difficult to properly fit into shoes and many patients develop corns or calluses as a result of the toe rubbing or being pressed against a part of the shoe.
Usually, in the early stages of a toe deformity the joint is still flexible and this allows for easier correction. Our foot and ankle surgeon, Dr. A. Bil Buksh, will want to examine your toe and may also order x-rays (which can be done in our Edmond or Norman office) or other imaging studies to get a more complete picture of what is happening with the toe joint. A complete medical history will also provide the foot doctor with important clues about the deformity.
Conservative treatment measures to correct or lessen a toe deformity include:
- Strapping or splinting the toe into correct position
- Custom orthotics to reposition the foot or remove pressure from the affected area
- Padding to protect areas that are rubbing on footwear
- Footwear modifications, including choosing shoes with roomier toe boxes or made of soft, flexible material and limiting heel height
In some cases surgery may be the only option for correcting a deformed toe.
The earlier a toe deformity is diagnosed the less invasive and easier the treatment will be. If you notice anything unusual about the position of any of your toes, contact us for an appointment by calling: 405-285-7408 as soon as possible.