Bunions: Causes and Treatment

Bunions are a common foot problem that we often see at Edmond/Norman Foot & Ankle Clinic. Discomfort from bunions can range from mild to very painful, but unfortunately they don’t go away and usually get worse over time.

Why Do Bunions Occur?

Bunions occur when a misaligned big toe joint swells and becomes tender, causing the first joint of the big toe to slant outward and the second joint to angle toward the other toes.  Eventually, this causes changes in the bony structure of the foot, which results in a bump on the side of the big toe. Bunions are often a hereditary condition but can also be aggravated by shoes that are too narrow in the forefoot and toe.

How are Bunions Treated?

Bunions may appear red and inflamed and you may feel burning and pain or sometimes numbness at the site of a bunion. If you are experiencing this kind of discomfort, call one of our offices, (405) 321-6984 (Norman) or (405) 285-7408 (Edmond) to schedule an appointment. At Edmond/Norman Foot & Ankle Clinic our board certified podiatrist, Dr. A. Bil Buksh will first examine your foot and take a thorough medical history. Surgery is frequently performed to correct bunions. The doctor may also recommend orthotics to help relieve pain and make walking easier. There are also steps you can take to reduce pain and discomfort. These include:

  1. Placing pads over the bunion to lessen the pain by cushioning the area.
  2. Applying an ice pack several times a day to the bunion to help reduce inflammation.
  3. Changing your shoes. Choose footwear with low heels and a wide toe box.
  4. Avoiding being on your feet for long stretches of time.
  5. Taking over the counter NSAID pain relievers.

To learn more about bunions and other common foot and ankle problems, visit our website.