Bunions—the joint at the base of the big toe becomes enlarged, making the toe to drift inward (sometimes even overlapping the second toe) and a bony protrusion to develop on the outside of the toe which causes pain as it rubs against footwear
Hammertoe—usually affects the second, third or fourth toe and occurs when the toe begins to bend downward from the middle joint, giving it the appearance of a hammer
Claw Toe—here the bottom toe joint bends upward and the middle bends downward, forming a “claw”
Hallux Limitus—stiffness in the joint of the big toe which increasingly limits range of motion as it progresses
Can You Prevent Them?
Yes and no. Toe deformities have a number of different causes—some you can control and others you can’t. Some common reasons that toes develop these conditions include:
- Inherited structural problems of the foot or toes
- Degenerative diseases, such as arthritis
- Poorly fitting shoes
- Mechanical problems such as flatfeet or other arch issues
One thing toe deformities have in common is that they tend to be painful and usually cause problems with fitting footwear properly. Left untreated, they can lead to difficulties with balance and walking. That’s why as soon as you notice any changes in your toes, you should make an appointment with our board certified foot and ankle surgeon, Dr. A. Bil Buksh. The foot doctor will examine your toes and feet and take a detailed medical history to arrive at the correct diagnosis. Digital x-rays (which can be done in either our Edmond or Norman office) and other imaging studies may also be helpful in determining the cause of the foot deformity and also assessing how far it has progressed. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, the foot doctor will work with you to determine the appropriate treatment plan. Most toe deformities are progressive, so don’t delay—schedule an appointment online or contact one of our offices today.